Glossary

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Water Canal

A canal is a man-made waterway.

Water Current

In the water world, a current is water which moves with force. Currents push, pull, and carry not only water but bits and pieces of the environment around them.

Water Font

In Middle English, “font” meant fountain. The word has evolved, however to refer to a receptacle, usually a stone receptacle used for religious purposes.

Water Fount

Fount is a fancy way to say spring. The two words are synonymous.

Water Fountain

A fountain is a spring or source of water, usually the source or head of a stream.  They can also be man-made like a drinking water fountain that you find in parks and recreational areas.

Water Infrastructure

Water infrastructure refers to the way your country, state, or city gets water to and from its residents. This includes everything from canals, waterways, and reservoirs to pipes, sewers and even drinking fountains. Aging infrastructures are a current issue, with old pipes that contain copper and lead gaining national attention as the EPA pleads with States to try to make clean water a priority.  Read more about water infrastructures here.

Water Municipality

A water municipality refers to the area which a municipal water supplier serves. This usually correlates with the borders of a city or a town, although larger municipalities do sometimes serve multiple suburban cities.

Water Pressure

Water pressure is the rate at which water travels through pipes.

Water Quality Report (WQR)

Water suppliers are required to send out a Water Quality Report, also known as a Consumer Confidence Report or CCR, by July 1st of each year. This document explains where water is sourced as well as what contaminants or impurities it might contain. Water quality reports are accessible on the EPA website. Click here to link to the EPA’s interactive map.

Water Resevoir

A reservoir is a natural or man-made reserve of water, usually collected and stored for a community’s use.

Water Softener

A water softener removes mineral content from hard water. Traditional softeners use salt to neutralize the minerals, but this can be wasteful.  There are also salt-free water softeners called water descalers.

Water Source

The term “water source” refers to the original body or bodies of water from which a water supplier takes its water. This could be a river, stream, or lake, or even the ocean if you’re living in Dubai. Source water travels through several man-made waterways (canals or reservoirs) before being treated by a water supplier.

Water Source

In reference to water, the word source can be either a noun or a verb. Source as a noun refers to the stream or channel which feeds a body of water or to the place from which water is gathered. As a verb, the word source means to take in, gather, or provide (with reference to water).

Water Spring

Like a well, a spring is usually composed of ground water. However, springs are shallower than wells and issue forth as a stream, rivulet, pool, or even a small lake.

Water Storage Tank

Typically seen with a Reverse Osmosis system, a water storage tank is the large tank that contains water that’s been filtered and is ready for use.

Water Supplier

A Water Supplier is the company or entity that provides water to homes and businesses. Water Suppliers typically test and treat the local water source, as well as manage the transportation of the water to the tap.

Water Well

A well can be either natural or man-made. The term refers to a repository of water which has come up from the earth.

Read more about well water.

World Health Organization (WHO)

The World Health Organization (WHO) was founded on April 7, 1948 in response to calls for a global health organization from the newly formed United Nations (UN). Today the World Health Organization directs and coordinates international health efforts by the United Nations by providing leadership, shaping research agenda, setting norms and standards and promoting their implementation, as well as advocating ethical and evidence based policy and monitoring global health.

Terms You Should Know

  • Raw Water

    When water is called “raw” it is untreated – simply meaning no removal of contaminants, bacteria, parasites, etc.  A common new trend in the US, drinking raw water... Raw Water

  • Algal Bloom

    When an algae population grows rapidly, causing the water to be discolored, it is called an algal bloom. Some algal blooms produce toxins, while non-toxic blooms can be just... Algal Bloom

  • NSF International

    NSF International is actually not an abbreviation, but a stand-alone term. While NSF used to stand for National Sanitation Foundation, it was officially changed to... NSF International

  • Point Of Use Filter

    A point of use, or POU, filter purifies water at the point where water is actually used. Whether at your kitchen faucet, a refrigerator dispenser, or your shower head, a... Point Of Use Filter

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