How Does Well Water Work?

And what you need to know about owning a home with well water

When you think of the term ‘well water,’ what do you think of? Maybe an old timey photo of a brick well with someone pulling on a rope or turning a hand crank to retrieve a bucket of water from the bottomFortunately, well water is no longer as archaic as you’re imaginingFor those who use well water in their homes, modern plumbing has made it very easy to get access to water.  

If you live in a home that uses city water, you may be wondering how well water works and how it’s  different than the water flowing out of your taps. In this post, we’ll explain everything you need to know about living with well water including the benefits and drawbacks of using it. 

history of wells

Traditionally, to access groundwater in underground aquifers (a layer of water-bearing rock or sediment), one would dig and create a structure to then draw water out using a pump or bucket. Some of the earliest evidence of civilizations using wells to retrieve water is in China as early as 6,000 to 7,000 years ago, according to Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests. In ancient Egypt, a water pump called a saqia was invented to lifwater from out of a well from a depth of 10 meters.  Digging wells for water has been around for thousands of years and many people are still using this method to get water in their homes with a little help from modern plumbing.  

what does it mean to have well water?

If a home is supplied by well water, this means that the home gets its water for drinking, bathing, and cooking from a private well nearbyMost well water homes will be in rural areas as opposed to a city where houses are much closer together. If you live in an urban area, your water is considered city water, meaning, the water is owned by the city or municipality. If you’re unsure whether your home uses well water or city water, there’s a simple way to know. If you receive a water bill each month for treatment and delivery of water, your home uses city water. Homes that use well water pay out of pocket for maintenance, water testing, and other upkeep expenses.  

If you’re thinking that there can’t be that many households that use well water, think again. According to the CDC, over 15 million households in the United States rely on well water for all their home water needs. And with modern plumbing, well water has come a long way since 600 B.C. 

According to the CDC, over 15 million households in the United States rely on well water for all their home water needs.”

how does well water work? 

Well water is still true to the original idea, in that well water comes directly from the ground. To create a well, a hole is dug in the ground and held open by a pipe that reaches all the way to the aquifer, the source of the water. Professionals install a pump to carry the water from the ground, to the plumbing pipesThen, this pump, powered by a motor, pulls the water from the aquifer and distributes it through the plumbing system, ultimately reaching the home. Once the water reaches the house, it lives in the pressure tank, which then go to your shower, kitchen faucet, and any other faucet in a home.  

Here’s a helpful illustrated video showing the inner workings of a well system. 

The process from getting water from the well to your glass is quite simple. With the use of modern plumbing, a house with well water is getting water straight from the source, resulting in fresh water that has not been through any extensive filtering from the city. However, well water only has benefits if it is monitored and treated properly.  

advantages and disadvantages of well water

Since water is such an essential part of our daily lives, it’s very important that you’re drinking the cleanest, healthiest water you can. If you’re in the process of purchasing a home with well water, or you’re curious about well water and its benefits, we’re here to ensure you’re as educated as possible.  

Advantages:

  1. Well water is typically higher in nutrients and minerals. Compared to city water, well water is fresher since it’s coming directly from the aquifer without going through a filtering processBefore city water gets to your home, the water goes through a filtration process to kill parasites, bacteria, viruses, and germs by using chlorine and chloramineWell water is free of additives while still maintaining the healthy nutrients and minerals that are good for you.  
  2. You won’t have to pay a water bill each month. Because the water coming into the home is privately owned, you won’t be cutting a check to the city each month for water. However, there is still some upkeep and maintenance involved with owning a home with well water, though it’s not a monthly bill.  
  3. Well water is usually protected from natural disasters that could result in contamination. Natural disasters, especially floods, can bring water contamination. Grounds and infrastructures are shifted, resulting in an unhealthy increase of contaminants to the water. If a city is flooded too heavily, a boil order will be issued, and homeowners should not use their homes water. Thankfully, wells are usually immune from natural disasters 

Disadvantages:

  1. Well water idependent on electricity. Since well water is pulled from the ground using a pump, that pump needs power from somewhere. Thus, the pump runs on electricity. So, if the electricity in your home goes out, the pump will stop working, which means no water. If you live in a house with well water, it’s wise to keep another means of power on hand, like a generator or solar power.  
  2. The homeowner is responsible for the water. Because the source of the homes water is on your property, the homeowner is responsible for everything water. Initial installation, maintenance, repairs, etc. The homeowner is also responsible for testing the water to ensure it’s safe to drink. Lastly, if the well runs out of water, it is not the city’s problem to take care of. 
  3. Not all well water is completely clean. Even though well water is straight from an aquifer, it could still contain some things you do not want to be drinking. Run off from septic systems, nearby farms, or power plants can all infect your well water. Even if the well is far from anything man-made that could affect your water, there’s still a chance that dead animals, pet waste, or stormwater runoff could impact the quality of your water.  

Since well water is not filtered and tested by the city, it’s important to filter the water coming into your home. Aquasana’s Rhino® Whole House Well Water Filter System filters 500,000 gallons of well water for clean and healthy drinking, cooking, and bathing water. This filter is designed specifically for well water contamination to protect from bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants commonly found in private well water. Additionally, the system includes a pre-filter to capture more sediment and rust that’s more common in well water and a UV filter to get total home protection.  

Every home and every well are different though. If you’re interested in the Rhino® Whole House Well Water Filter System, we highly recommend chatting with a member of our Sales Team. For example, some well water may be heavier in iron, or a pH imbalance. Call one of our experts at 866-254-2484 to learn more about a personalized well water filter for your home.  

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